The Importance of Plant Botanic Conservation
Plants are life-sustaining natural features that should be protected. In the modern era, plants are some of the most threatened species as people need more land. The number of plants that are under the threat of extinction is growing day by day and the figure stands at around 100,000 plants. As you know, different living organism rely on plants for shelter and food and that means that the extinction of different plant species can affect the entire ecosystem. Therefore, destruction of forest cover should be treated as a global threat as it is the backbone of life. Plant protection agencies and bodies have been established and a lot of money invested to protect different plant species from extinction. Additionally, there are laws and policies that have been enacted to protect plants from damage by human activities. Below, you will learn why plant conservation is important.
Plants processes such as photosynthesis are important in air cleaning as it takes in carbon dioxide and releases oxygen. Humans need oxygen for the proper functioning of different organs and that explains why plant conservation is important. Maintaining the composition of air at 21% requires different plant species. Plant produce food using sunlight and that makes them primary producers in the food chain. Hence, to ensure an ecosystem balance with all the players, plants should retain their position in the food chain. Since humans are part of the living organisms that rely on plants as primary producers, plant conservation is important.
Soil erosion can lead to loss of fertile land and that is why many methods have been adopted to combat soil erosion. Plants have proved to be effective in combatting different forms of soil erosion. Plant conservation is encouraged as a way of avoiding some of the effects of soil erosion such as loss of fertility. Also, plants provide raw materials to different industries such as medicine, construction, clothing, and food. Drug manufacturing companies use different plant species in the manufacture of drugs. To boost drug research industry, plant conservation is imperative.
Excessive use of different plant species for different reasons has put plant diversity under threat. For instance, the level of logging of timber trees has reached unsustainable levels and there is no replacement. Climate change is another threat to different plant species as forest fires are on the rise. Humans have the mandate to ensure that plant species are safeguarded by enacting the right policies and laws. Botanic gardens play an important role in protecting different plant specifies. For a sustainable ecosystem, plant conservation should be given priority to ensure that no plant species does not become extinct.